The Success and Failure of Scared Straight: A Reassessment of Juvenile Delinquency Deterrent Methods and Their Measurements
Scared Straight was piloted in the late 1970s as a program with the intent to prevent juvenile career criminals from continuing on the path of delinquency. The success of the trial program produced favorable results, such that all except for a few made a permanent behavioral change. Similar Scared Straight programs had been further incorporated across the U.S. in correctional facilities as a result. Today,several empirical results have produced contrary results, with slight increases in delinquency for juveniles who were former participants. Critics later have charged that the pilot program was not scientifically based. However, assuming that the pilot program were free of fraudulent or misleading data, there lays some factors that demonstrate that disparity in results. Assuming reliability in the methodology, ethnography and pure quantitative are extremely different approaches to collecting results; therefore, the variations in the findings does not equate to an inconsistency.
Second, the participants in the pilot program were not randomly selected, and due to laws juveniles needed permission from parents or legal guardian's prior participation in the study. Third, because the pilot program was documented and televised, the "Hawthorne Effect" became a greater possibility. As their identity became revealed to the community, the youthful participants were increasingly their increased surveillance and they have collectively modified their behavior because they were aware they were being studied. Finally, this paper considers cultural changes over the past thirty years that may have produced spurious correlations. Some of the changes consist of a shift in the effectiveness of utilitarian punishment, and the socially constructed factors that have altered the cost-benefit ratio with respect to youthful criminals, such as rationality being trumped by the intense drive for street-level "respect".
Keywords: Scared Straight Program, Juvenile Delinquency
Faculty, Division of Social Work,
my teaching and research interest includes Criminology with an emphasis on the
following subdisciplines: Juvenile Delinquency, Corrections, War Crimes, Crimes
Against Humanity, and the effects of Religion on Intergroup Relations both
domestically and globally.